1 Kings 11-16
1 Kings 11-16 (Divided Kingdom) 5/17/20
11:9 And the Lord was angry with Solomon, because his heart had turned away from the Lord, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice 10 and had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods. But he did not keep what the Lord commanded. 11 Therefore the Lord said to Solomon, “Since this has been your practice and you have not kept my covenant and my statutes that I have commanded you, I will surely tear the kingdom from you and will give it to your servant. 12 Yet for the sake of David your father I will not do it in your days, but I will tear it out of the hand of your son. 13 However, I will not tear away all the kingdom, but I will give one tribe to your son, for the sake of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem that I have chosen.” Cf. Romans 8:3-4
11:14 And the Lord raised up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite. He was of the royal house in Edom. Hadad was from a royal family and as a child he had to flee to Egypt from David’s wars. He grew up under the care of Pharaoh, and now wants to come back. Cf. 2 Samuel 8:13-14
11:23 God also raised up as an adversary to him, Rezon the son of Eliada Rezon also escaped from the battles of David. He fled from his master, Hadadezer, and went to Damascus. He was made eventually made king of Syria. Cf. 2 Samuel 8:3-8
11:26 Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephraimite of Zeredah, a servant of Solomon, whose mother's name was Zeruah, a widow, also lifted up his hand against the king. Jeroboam was a former superintendent of the construction work in Jerusalem. The relationship changes drastically after being told of what was about happen to the kingdom by the prophet Ahijah.
11:30 Then Ahijah laid hold of the new garment that was on him, and tore it into twelve pieces. 31 And he said to Jeroboam, “Take for yourself ten pieces, for thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, ‘Behold, I am about to tear the kingdom from the hand of Solomon and will give you ten tribes 32 (but he shall have one tribe, for the sake of my servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem, the city that I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel), 33 because they have forsaken me
The 12 pieces of cloth represent the 12 tribes of Israel. The 10 pieces offered to Jeroboam represents the newly divided North Kingdom. One was to remain for the sake of David and Jerusalem—Judah. The last one not included was Benjamin (Cf. 12:21), maybe because it was considered apart of Jerusalem’s territory.
11:42 And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. 43 And Solomon slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son reigned in his place.
12:1 Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had come to Shechem to make him king.
Rehoboam was the oldest son of Solomon designated by his father heir to the throne.
12:12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king said, “Come to me again the third day.” 13 And the king answered the people harshly, and forsaking the counsel that the old men had given him, 14 he spoke to them according to the counsel of the young men, saying, “My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to your yoke. My father disciplined you with whips, but I will discipline you with scorpions.” 15 So the king did not listen to the people, for it was a turn of affairs brought about by the Lord that he might fulfill his word, which the Lord spoke by Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat. 16 And when all Israel saw that the king did not listen to them, the people answered the king, “What portion do we have in David? We have no inheritance in the son of Jesse. To your tents, O Israel! Look now to your own house, David.” So Israel went to their tents. 17 But Rehoboam reigned over the people of Israel who lived in the cities of Judah. 18 Then King Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was taskmaster over the forced labor, and all Israel stoned him to death with stones. And King Rehoboam hurried to mount his chariot to flee to Jerusalem. 19 So Israel has been in rebellion against the house of David to this day. 20 And when all Israel heard that Jeroboam had returned, they sent and called him to the assembly and made him king over all Israel. There was none that followed the house of David but the tribe of Judah only. 12:28 So the king took counsel and made two calves of gold. And he said to the people, “You have gone up to Jerusalem long enough. Behold your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt.” 29 And he set one in Bethel, and the other he put in Dan.
Jeroboam, in his paranoia, fortified two major cities and makes alters with false idols there so the people would not go back to Jerusalem and turn against him. Also, he appointed people, not from the tribe of Levi, to be a part of the priesthood (v. 31). Lastly, he changed the feast of tabernacles from the fifteenth of the seventh, to the fifteenth of the eighth month (v. 32-33). Cf. Genesis 3:1-5
13:3 And he gave a sign the same day, saying, “This is the sign that the Lord has spoken: ‘Behold, the altar shall be torn down, and the ashes that are on it shall be poured out.’” 4 And when the king heard the saying of the man of God, which he cried against the altar at Bethel, Jeroboam stretched out his hand from the altar, saying, “Seize him.” And his hand, which he stretched out against him, dried up, so that he could not draw it back to himself. 5 The altar also was torn down, and the ashes poured out from the altar, according to the sign that the man of God had given by the word of the Lord. 6 And the king said to the man of God, “Entreat now the favor of the Lord your God, and pray for me, that my hand may be restored to me.” And the man of God entreated the Lord, and the king's hand was restored to him and became as it was before.
But even this prophet is disobedient (v. 16-22) and is killed by a lion when returning to Judah (v. 24).
13:33 After this thing Jeroboam did not turn from his evil way, but made priests for the high places again from among all the people. Any who would, he ordained to be priests of the high places. 34 And this thing became sin to the house of Jeroboam, so as to cut it off and to destroy it from the face of the earth. 14:19 Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, how he warred and how he reigned, behold, they are written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel. 20 And the time that Jeroboam reigned was twenty-two years. And he slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in his place. 14:21 Now Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty-one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem… 14:22 And Judah did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, and they provoked him to jealousy with their sins that they committed, more than all that their fathers had done. 23 For they also built for themselves high places and pillars and Asherim on every high hill and under every green tree, 24 and there were also male cult prostitutes in the land. They did according to all the abominations of the nations that the Lord drove out before the people of Israel. 14:25 Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem… 26 …He took away everything. 14:29 Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam and all that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 30 And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually. 31 And Rehoboam slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David.
Kings of Judah Rehoboam; 17-year reign; 1 Kings 12:1-24, 14:21-31 Abijah/Abijam; 3-year reign; 1 Kings 5:1-8 Omri; 11-year reign; 1 Kings 16:16-17, 21-28 Ahab; 21-year reign; 1 Kings 16:29-17:1, 18:1-19:3, 20:1-22:40 Ahaziah; 1-year reign; 1 Kings 22:51-53
Kings of Israel
Jeroboam I; 21-year reign; 1 Kings 11:26-40, 12:1-14:20 Nadab; 1-year reign; 1 Kings 15:25-32 Asa; 41-year reign; 1 Kings 15:9-24; good king
Baasha; 23-year reign; 1 Kings 15:27-16:7 Jehoshphat; 25-year reign; 1 Kings 22:41-50; good king Elah; 1-year reign; 1 Kings 16:8-14
Zimri; 7-day reign; 1 Kings 16:9-20; killed himself by burning the house down
1 Corinthians 11:17-34 17 But in the following instructions I do not commend you, because when you come together it is not for the better but for the worse. 18 For, in the first place, when you come together as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you. And I believe it in part, 19 for there must be factions among you in order that those who are genuine among you may be recognized. 20 When you come together, it is not the Lord's supper that you eat. 21 For in eating, each one goes ahead with his own meal. One goes hungry, another gets drunk. 22 What! Do you not have houses to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the church of God and humiliate those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I commend you in this? No, I will not. 23 For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread, 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, “This is my body, which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 25 In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.” 26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes. 27 Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty concerning the body and blood of the Lord. 28 Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup. 29 For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself. 30 That is why many of you are weak and ill, and some have died. 31 But if we judged ourselves truly, we would not be judged. 32 But when we are judged by the Lord, we are disciplined so that we may not be condemned along with the world. 33 So then, my brothers, when you come together to eat, wait for one another— 34 if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home—so that when you come together it will not be for judgment. About the other things I will give directions when I come.
The Temple of God: Community unified through Jesus being the foundation.
Idol: Build our relationships on preferences or opinions.
Ephesians 3:19-22 19 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, 20 built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone, 21 in whom the whole structure, being joined together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord. 22 In him you also are being built together into a dwelling place for God by the Spirit.