Gifted (Wisdom & Knowledge)
Estimated around 18-22 gifts (Romans 12, 1 Corinthians 12, Ephesians 4) We are going to look them through gifts that says something, reveal something, and do something.
Reveal Something: Wisdom, Knowledge, Discernment
1 Corinthians 12:1-10 1 Now concerning spiritual gifts, brothers, I do not want you to be uninformed. 2 You know that when you were pagans you were led astray to mute idols, however you were led. 3 Therefore I want you to understand that no one speaking in the Spirit of God ever says “Jesus is accursed!” and no one can say “Jesus is Lord” except in the Holy Spirit. 4 Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; 5 and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; 6 and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who empowers them all in everyone. 7 To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. 8 For to one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, 9 to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, 10 to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues.
The NT gives very little instruction about the correct use of these revelation gifts.
• Wisdom – [Greek; sophia] occurs 51 times in the NT, 28 times by Paul.
• Knowledge – [Greek; gnosis] occurs 29 times in the NT, 23 by Paul.
Different Viewpoints of the gifts of Wisdom and Knowledge:
1) Knowledge is intellectual understanding, while wisdom is the ability to apply that learned knowledge. But where is the supernatural? Cf. 2 Timothy 3:7
2) The “word of knowledge” is a supernatural understanding of another person’s sin, problem, disease, etc. Cf. Acts 5
3) These two gifts work together to supernaturally provide a believer insight and understanding to the divine truth.
Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction.
Proverbs 10:9-10 9 Give instruction to a wise man, and he will be still wiser; teach a righteous man, and he will increase in learning. 10 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy One is insight.
Proverbs 15:2 The tongue of the wise commends knowledge, but the mouths of fools pour out folly.
Cf. Romans 15:14; 1 Corinthians 1:18-2:16; Ephesians 1:17; 4:13; Colossians 1:9-10; 2:2-4; 3:9-10; 1 Timothy 2:4; 2 Timothy 2:25; Titus 1:1
1 Corinthians 2:1-16 6 Yet among the mature we do impart wisdom, although it is not a wisdom of this age or of the rulers of this age, who are doomed to pass away. 7 But we impart a secret and hidden wisdom of God, which God decreed before the ages for our glory. 8 None of the rulers of this age understood this, for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. 9 But, as it is written, “What no eye has seen, nor ear heard, nor the heart of man imagined, what God has prepared for those who love him”— 10 these things God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. 11 For who knows a person's thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. 12 Now we have received not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might understand the things freely given us by God. 13 And we impart this in words not taught by human wisdom but taught by the Spirit, interpreting spiritual truths to those who are spiritual. 14 The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned. 15 The spiritual person judges all things, but is himself to be judged by no one. 16 “For who has understood the mind of the Lord so as to instruct him?” But we have the mind of Christ.