Estimated around 18-22 gifts (Romans 12, 1 Corinthians 12, Ephesians 4) We are going to look them through gifts that says something, reveal something, and do something.
Say Something: Teaching, prophecy, tongues, interpretation of tongues
The Holy Spirit in the Old Testament:
● Solomon’s Temple
● God’s desire is to dwell with his people, Cf. 2 Chronicles 6:40-7:1-3, Exodus 25:8, Leviticus 26:11,
● The First Temple is Destroyed
● The temple is destroyed and The Second Temple is built with the aid of Zerubbabel: see Ezra and Nehemiah.
The Holy Spirit to Fill God’s People
27 You shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am the LORD your God and there is none else. And my people shall never again be put to shame. 28 "And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions. 29 Even on the male and female servants in those days I will pour out my Spirit. 30 "And I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and columns of smoke.
Jesus is Baptized and Holy Spirit Descends...
● Matthew 3:13-17; Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-22; John 1:29-34
Jesus Describes the role of the Holy Spirit...
● Jesus Promises the Holy Spirit, Cf. John 14:15-27, Acts 1:1-8, John 7:37-39
The Holy Spirit in the New Testament:
● The True Temple (Christians’ Bodies), Cf. Acts 2:1-4,
● “You are the Temple!” Cf. 1 Corinthians 3:16, 1 Cor. 5:1-5, 1 Corinthians 6:19, 2 Cor. 6:16, Ephesians 2:21-22
What are Tongues?
Glossolalia is from the Greek word γλωσσολαλία, itself a compound of the words γλῶσσα (glossa), meaning "tongue" or "language" and λαλέω (laleō), "to speak, talk, chat, prattle, or to make a sound". The Greek expression (in various forms) appears in the New Testament in the books of Acts and First Corinthians.
"Tongues refers to the gift of speech which, through making sounds, and using apparent or even actual languages, somehow bypasses the speaker’s conscious mind. Such speech is experienced as a stream of praise in which, though the speaker may not be able to articulate what precisely is being said, a sense of love for God, of adoration and gratitude, wells up and overflows. It is like a private language of love.” -N.T. Wright
● Known Human Languages
Pentecost: Acts 2:4-13
4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance. 5 Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven. 6 And at this sound the multitude came together, and they were bewildered, because each one was hearing them speak in his own language. 7 And they were amazed and astonished, saying, “Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? 8 And how is it that we hear, each of us in his own native language? 9 Parthians and Medes and Elamites and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, 11 both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabians—we hear them telling in our own tongues the mighty works of God.” 12 And all were amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “What does this mean?” 13 But others mocking said, “They are filled with new wine.”
● Unknown Languages
Peter and the Gentiles: Acts 10:44-46, Paul in Ephesus: Acts 19:1-7
○ 1 Corinthians 14:2
a. Communication with God: “For anyone who speaks in a tongue does not speak to people but to God.”(2)
b. Mysteries in the Spirit: Indeed, no one understands them; they utter mysteries by the Spirit.(2)
Why are they Given?
● Edification of the Speaker:
● Building up self 1 Corinthians 14:4
● Guidance and intercession: Romans 8:26-27
● Spiritual Strength: Ephesians 3:14-19, 6:18; Jude 20-21
Are There Rules?
● Corporate Worship:
● 1 Corinthians 14:26-28
● 1 Corinthians 14:13 Pray for interpretation because we should seek to excel in building up the church.
What does it Mean to Pray in the Spirit?
● Spirit lead Prayer is not only evidenced through speaking in tongues. Cf. Ephesians 6:18, Romans 8:26-27
● Being Filled with the Holy Spirit Enables the Believer (Peter as an Example), Cf. John 20:22, Acts 2:4, Acts 4:8, Acts 4:31