Estimated around 18-22 gifts (Romans 12, 1 Corinthians 12, Ephesians 4) We are going to look them through gifts that says something, reveal something, and do something.
Say Something: Teaching, prophecy, tongues, interpretation of tongues
A lot of instructions concerning the correct use of these gifts.
• Office of Prophet – Cf. Ephesians 2:20; 4:11 Exodus 4:10-12; Jeremiah 1:9; Ezekiel 2:7; Hosea 1:2; Joel 1:1; Micah 1:1; Zephaniah 1:1; Amos 1:3
It was not restricted to men alone. Mariam, Moses’ sister, was called a “prophet” Cf. Exodus 15:20; Deborah Cf. Judges 4:4; Huldah Cf. 2 Kings 22:14-20.
What was the word? The word of God spoken through these Prophets were usually judgement and a call to repentance.
Deuteronomy 18:20-22 20 But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in my name that I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die.’ 21 And if you say in your heart, ‘How may we know the word that the Lord has not spoken?’— 22 when a prophet speaks in the name of the Lord, if the word does not come to pass or come true, that is a word that the Lord has not spoken; the prophet has spoken it presumptuously. You need not be afraid of him.
• Gift of Prophecy – Cf. 1 Corinthians 12:10; 14
1 Corinthians 12:10 to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues.
1 Corinthians 14:1-4 1 Pursue love, and earnestly desire the spiritual gifts, especially that you may prophesy. 2 For one who speaks in a tongue speaks not to men but to God; for no one understands him, but he utters mysteries in the Spirit. 3 On the other hand, the one who prophesies speaks to people for their upbuilding and encouragement and consolation. 4 The one who speaks in a tongue builds up himself, but the one who prophesies builds up the church.
Prophecy are words that encourage and build up the church.
1 Corinthians 14:24-25 24 But if all prophesy, and an unbeliever or outsider enters, he is convicted by all, he is called to account by all, 25 the secrets of his heart are disclosed, and so, falling on his face, he will worship God and declare that God is really among you.
Prophecy may also bring conviction of sin to unbelievers who happen to visit a church gathering.
Other Examples of Prophecy:
Acts 11:27-28 27 Now in these days prophets came down from Jerusalem to Antioch. 28 And one of them named Agabus stood up and foretold by the Spirit that there would be a great famine over all the world (this took place in the days of Claudius).
Prophecy was given to predict a crisis.
Acts 13:1-3 1 Now there were in the church at Antioch prophets and teachers, Barnabas, Simeon who was called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen a lifelong friend of Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. 2 While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, “Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.” 3 Then after fasting and praying they laid their hands on them and sent them off.
Prophecy was given to provide direction of ministry.
Acts 21:4, 10-14 4 And having sought out the disciples, we stayed there for seven days. And through the Spirit they were telling Paul not to go on to Jerusalem. 10 While we were staying for many days, a prophet named Agabus came down from Judea. 11 And coming to us, he took Paul's belt and bound his own feet and hands and said, “Thus says the Holy Spirit, ‘This is how the Jews[c] at Jerusalem will bind the man who owns this belt and deliver him into the hands of the Gentiles.’” 12 When we heard this, we and the people there urged him not to go up to Jerusalem. 13 Then Paul answered, “What are you doing, weeping and breaking my heart? For I am ready not only to be imprisoned but even to die in Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.” 14 And since he would not be persuaded, we ceased and said, “Let the will of the Lord be done.”
Prophecy came as a warning to God’s people.
The gift of prophecy was spontaneous proclamation of a revelation that edifies the church, bring conviction of sin, and provide present and future insight.
Prophecy happening in a corporate church gathering:
1 Corinthians 14:29-33 29 Let two or three prophets speak, and let the others weigh what is said. 30 If a revelation is made to another sitting there, let the first be silent. 31 For you can all prophesy one by one, so that all may learn and all be encouraged, 32 and the spirits of prophets are subject to prophets. 33 For God is not a God of confusion but of peace. Cf. 1 Thessalonians 5:20-21; 1 John 4:1-2
1 Corinthians 14:34-35 As in all the churches of the saints, 34 the women should keep silent in the churches. For they are not permitted to speak, but should be in submission, as the Law also says. 35 If there is anything they desire to learn, let them ask their husbands at home. For it is shameful for a woman to speak in church. Cf. Acts 2:17-18; Acts 21:8-9; 1 Corinthians 11:5
A more excellent way:
1 Corinthians 12:31 But earnestly desire the higher gifts. And I will show you a still more excellent way.
1 Corinthians 13:2, 11-13 2 And if I have prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. 11 When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I gave up childish ways. 12 For now we see in a mirror dimly, but then face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I have been fully known. 13 So now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; but the greatest of these is love.