2 Corinthians 1:1-11
2 Corinthians 1:1-11 1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, To the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints who are in all Achaia: • Who’s writing? Paul (Cf. Acts 8:1-3; 9:1-20) and Timothy is with him (Cf. 1 Timothy 1:3; 2 Timothy 1:5-6) • Who’s he writing to? The church at Corinth (Cf. Acts 18:1-18) and Achaia one of two regions of Greece along the northern gulf of Corinth (Cf. Acts 18:27; 19:21; Romans 15:26) • When was it written? 55-57 A.D. • Purpose? This letter is the least doctrinal of Paul's epistles. It tells us more about Paul as a person and as a minister than any of the others. We will learn from the joys and struggles of Paul’s testimony, that we may be also be vessels of glory. Cf. 2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellence of the power may be of God and not of us.
2 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort, • Grace– (Greek, charis) God’s favor towards us even though we don’t deserve it—love, forgiveness, kindness, blessings. Cf. 2 Corinthians 8:9; 2 Thessalonians 2:16 • Peace– (Greek, eirēnē) Calmness, contentment, and rest found through salvation. Cf. Philippians 4:7 • Mercy– (Greek, oiktirmos) God withholding the wrath we deserve—compassion. Cf. 2 Corinthians 5:21
4 who comforts us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort those who are in any trouble, with the comfort with which we ourselves are comforted by God. 5 For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation also abounds through Christ. 6 Now if we are afflicted, it is for your consolation and salvation, which is effective for enduring the same sufferings which we also suffer. Or if we are comforted, it is for your consolation and salvation. 7 And our hope for you is steadfast, because we know that as you are partakers of the sufferings, so also you will partake of the consolation. 8 For we do not want you to be ignorant, brethren, of our trouble which came to us in Asia: that we were burdened beyond measure, above strength, so that we despaired even of life. 9 Yes, we had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves but in God who raises the dead, 10 who delivered us from so great a death, and does deliver us; in whom we trust that He will still deliver us, 11 you also helping together in prayer for us, that thanks may be given by many persons on our behalf for the gift granted to us through many. • Paul describes his severe suffering in Asia to the church in Corinth. He also shares how there is purpose in problems. • It is for your consolation and salvation– We must see, like Paul, that ministry is worth it, because people are worth it.
Cf. Romans 5:8; Ephesians 5:25-27 • That we should not trust in ourselves but in God– We must shift our focus off the struggle and on the Savior. Cf. Psalm 146:3; Isaiah 2:22; Proverbs 21:31; Romans 8:18-25 • Prayer for us, that thanks may be given by many– We must pray for one another publicly, so praise can be given to God.
Cf. Acts 2:42; Romans 15:30; Ephesians 6:19; 1 Timothy 2:1-4 Phases of Corporate Prayer: 1) People ask for prayer 2) We pray for them 3) God answers prayers 4) People get to see God’s faithfulness 5) Thanksgiving is given to God