Leviticus (Week 6)
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Morality- principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong. Christians are guided by God’s Word as these principles. 1 John 3:22 And whatever we ask we receive from Him, because we keep His commandments and do those things that are pleasing in His sight. Cf. Acts 5:29; Galatians 1:10; 2 Timothy 2:15
• Food (17:1-16) No sacrifices allowed away from the tabernacle (17:1-9, Cf. 1 Corinthians 3:16) No eating of blood (17:10-14; Cf. Romans 14:14; 1 Corinthians 8:13) Eating that which died of itself, or was torn (17:15-16) • Unlawful marriages and lusts (18:1-30) Incest forbidden (18:6; Cf. 1 Corinthians 5:1) Homosexuality forbidden (18:22; Cf. Romans 1:26-27; 1 Corinthians 6:9; Jude 1:7) Bestiality forbidden (18:23; Cf. Ephesians 5:25-33)
• Various laws governing moral uncleanness (19:1-20:27)
• Rules governing behavior of priests (21:1-22:16)
• Rules for sacrifices (22:17-33)
• Feasts and holy days (23:1-44) Seventh day sabbath (23:3) Passover (23:4-14) Pentecost, or first fruits (23:15-21) Feast of trumpets, New Year’s day of civil year (23:22-25) Day of atonement (23:26-32) Feast of tabernacles (lived in booths) (23:33-44) Cf. Colossians 2:16-17
• Various Rules (24:1-23) Oil for the tabernacle lamps (24:1-8) Twelve cakes of fine flour - shewbread (24:5-9) Blaspheming God punished by death (24:10-16) Eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth (24:17-23; Cf. Romans 12:14-21)
• Sabbatical Year – every seven years (25:1-7)
• Year of Jubilee – every fiftieth year (25:8-55)
• Promises and warnings (26:1-46) Blessing for obedience (26:1-13; Cf. Philippians 2:8) A curse for disobedience (26:14-46; Cf. 2 Timothy 2:13)
• Vows and tithes (27:1-34) Cf. 2 Corinthians 9:6-7 THE POINT:
Matthew 5:17-18 17 “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. 18 For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled.
The law is hundreds of very complex rules and regulations set as a standard of holiness. Jesus comes to simplify things in one command.
Galatians 5:13-14 13 For you, brethren, have been called to liberty; only do not use liberty as an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another. 14 For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” [Cf. Leviticus 19:18]
Even by simplifying the law down to one command, we are still incapable of fulfilling that law of loving others on our own. It is not the ground of our justification, but is the evidence of being justified by faith alone in the better covenant of Jesus.
Romans 8:4 that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. Cf. 1 Corinthians 12:13; Galatians 5:6