Leviticus (Week 3)
Leviticus 3:11 and the priest shall burn them on the altar as food, an offering made by fire to the Lord.
• Peace offerings (3:1-17)— is a public offering because of the communal meal of the sacrificed animal. The peace offering was a time of rejoicing and praise (Cf. Deuteronomy 12:12-19; 27:7; 1 Kings 8:64-65). Subcategories: thanksgiving (7:12-15; 22:9), vow (7:16; 27:9-10), freewill (7:16; 22:18-23). • Typology: fellowship that Christians have with God and with other believers because of Christ’s death on the cross. Cf. Colossians 1:20; Ephesians 2:14-16; Ephesians 5:1; 1 John 1:3
Leviticus 5:5-6 5 ‘And it shall be, when he is guilty in any of these matters, that he shall confess that he has sinned in that thing; 6 and he shall bring his trespass offering to the Lord for his sin which he has committed, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats as a sin offering. So the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin. • Sin Offering (4:1-5:13)— covered sins committed unintentionally (Cf. Numbers 15:22-23). • Day of Atonement (16)— aka Yom Kippur, was the most holy day of all the Israelite feasts and festivals, occurring once a year on the seventh month of the Hebrew calendar. Cf. Hebrews 9:7; 7:27 • Typology: the death of Christ provides forgiveness of all sins. Cf. Luke 23:34; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Romans 5:8-11
Leviticus 5:17-18 17 “If a person sins, and commits any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the Lord, though he does not know it, yet he is guilty and shall bear his iniquity. 18 And he shall bring to the priest a ram without blemish from the flock, with your valuation, as a trespass offering. So the priest shall make atonement for him regarding his ignorance in which he erred and did not know it, and it shall be forgiven him. • Trespass/Grief offering (5:14-6:7)— this offering covered an offense that caused damage or loss whether unintentional or deliberate, and either against God or man. Failing to pay tithes and offering to God (5:15-19) or dealing falsely with a neighbor (6:1-7). • Typology: Christ’s death atones for the damage or injury done by sin. Cf. Isaiah 53:10; Romans 12:19
Additional rules concerning sacrifices (6:8-7:38) Fire of the altar to never go out (6:8-13); Priestly portion of meal (grain) offering (6:14-18); Priestly offering of meal (cereal) (6:19-23); Priests portion and handling of sin offering (6:24-30); Further rules for trespass offerings (7:1-7); Skin of burnt offering belongs to priest (7:8); Instructions to priests for handling sacrifices (7:9-21); Not to eat the fat of a sacrifice nor any blood ever (7:22-27); Portion of peach offering belong to the priests (7:28-34); Conclusion of the section on sacrifices (7:35-38)
Hebrews 10:1-4, 8-10 1 For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect. 2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? For the worshipers, once purified, would have had no more consciousness of sins. 3 But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year. 4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins. 8 Previously saying, “Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them” (which are offered according to the law), 9 then He said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God.” He takes away the first that He may establish the second. 10 By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Cf. Isaiah 53
The requirements of Old Testament sacrifices help us to see what sin costs as well as the fullness of our forgiveness made possible through the once-for-all perfect sacrifice of Christ.