Leviticus (Week 2)
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• The Concept of Sacrifice The overall principle of a sacrifice offering was the giving of property. 2 Samuel 24:24 “…I will not offer burnt offerings to the Lord my God with that which costs me nothing.” Offering- Hebrew, qorban, “to bring near” Sin must be judged (Cf. Romans 6:23), and God accepts an offering as a temporary payment for sin.
Hebrews 8:6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises.
• Burnt offering (1:1-17)— (Hebrew, ‘olah, “that which goes up”) was distinct in that the animal was totally consumed on the altar except for the hide or the crop of the bird. This seems to be the oldest designated sacrifice (Cf. Genesis 8:20) and the most frequent form of Israel’s sacrifices. This was practiced daily, weekly, and monthly (Cf. Exodus 29:38-42; Numbers 28:9-15). It was a free-will offering made for the whole congregation (Cf. Numbers 15:24-25) or for an individual (Cf. Leviticus 14:19-20; 15:14-15; 22:17-20). • Typology: Christ’s death as accomplishing the will of God.
Luke 22:42; Hebrews 9:14 (see also Ephesians 5:1-2; Philippians 2:8; Hebrews 10:5-7)
• Grain offering (2:1-16)— was normally a coarsely ground grain, either wheat or barley, mixed with olive oil and topped with frankincense. The grain was the primary source of food for maintaining life, so this offering show that God was the true source of life and substance. This offering could not have leaven or honey (2:11), but was to be salted like all offerings for the altar (2:13). Could be offered by itself (Cf. Leviticus 2:14-16; 6:14; Numbers 5:15). Usually accompanied to either a burnt or peace offering. • Typology: Christ’s death on the cross became a source of life for us.
John 6:26-27, 35
The requirements of Old Testament sacrifices help us to see what sin costs as well as the fullness of our forgiveness made possible through the once-for-all perfect sacrifice of Christ.